This study used Virginia data to relate educational pathways to the industry and occupation of employment, patterns of employment, earnings, and occupational outcomes, and to assess the labor market returns to developmental education. The researchers also drew on data from the state’s four-year colleges to compare students who start in community colleges with those who start in four-year colleges, and they contrasted the labor market outcomes for students who transfer from community college to four-year schools to “native” students (those who initially enroll in four-year colleges).

Project Lead

Shanna Smith Jaggars, CCRC

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