Using Michigan data, the first objective of this study was to estimate the employment and earnings returns to course credits and the additional returns to a credential or degree. The second research objective was to examine variation in outcomes by program and course content (e.g., math, science, and remedial courses) and student characteristics (gender, race/ethnicity, English learner status, age, previous employment, previous academic preparation, and displaced worker status). The educational data sources were longitudinal, student-level administrative data from community colleges in Michigan. Analysis by student characteristics allowed the research team to estimate potential differential effects of these programs for lower and higher income students.
Peter Bahr, University of Michigan
Susan Dynarski, University of Michigan
Brian Jacob, University of Michigan